Category: Doctrine of the Church

Matthew 16 and the Papacy: The Authority of a Message, Not an Office

Now when Jesus came into the district of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, “Who do people say that the Son of Man is?” And they said, “Some say John the Baptist, others say Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.” He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” Simon Peter replied, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” And Jesus answered him, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven. And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.” Then he strictly charged the disciples to tell no one that he was the Christ. – Matthew 16:13-20

The Roman Catholic Church (RCC) appeals to Matthew 16:18-19 as biblical basis for their teaching that the Pope is the Vicar of Christ (i.e., Christ’s representative on earth) and the one who exercises authority over the worldwide church (see The Catechism of the Catholic Church 881, 882). Continue reading “Matthew 16 and the Papacy: The Authority of a Message, Not an Office”